One of the most esteemed American photographers of the early 20th century who renounced Pictorialism and helped establish the Modernist movement, Edward Weston (1886-1958) is most famous for his near-abstract nudes and still-life nature studies created between 1927 and 1939; such as Pepper No.30, 1930, and Nude, 1936. Weston espoused the idea that the creative work of photography was no longer to be conducted in the darkroom but in the photographer's 'pre-visualisation' of the subject and in its composition before exposing the negative in the camera. In 1932 a group dedicated to the promotion of straight photography known as Group f/64 was formed in California with Weston and Ansel Adams (1902-84) among its members. Weston with his near-abstract still-lifes and nudes, and Adams, with his lyrical landscape photography, went on to dominate photographic art-making in the US for decades. Weston became the first photographer to be awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1936 and in 1946 the Museum of Modern Art in New York staged a major retrospective of his life's work. Few photographers have created such a legacy and had such a significant influence on the development of art photography as Edward Weston.